Parametric Optimization and Tolerance Analysis of Slanted Gratings

Coupling of light into guiding structures with high efficiency is an important issue for many applications, like backlight, optical interconnector, and near-to-eye displays. For such applications, slanted gratings are well-known for being capable to couple monochromatic light with high efficiency. In this example, the optimization of a slanted grating with the rigorous Fourier modal method (FMM, also known as RCWA) is presented. The optimized grating shows a diffraction efficiency of over 90% for a predefined direction order. In addition, the influence from the slope deviation and the rounded edges of the grating are investigated.

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